31 October 2015

Observing European Cities: Norwich

I recently made a visit to the UK and France - principally to visit family and friends. However, I couldn't help but notice many of the changes their cities are undergoing, and also how their streets and transit systems have similarities and differences from ours. Below are a few observations I made in Norwich, England, the first city I visited:

Streets and Parking Lots

Bus Gate (a sort of Transit Neckdown): One Lane - two directions - bus only/taxi only
Here's a location where buses go in both directions, but the street crossing with a neckdown goes to a single lane for two reasons:
  1. Pedestrians are given the highest priority with the shortest walking distance at the crosswalk, a long neckdown, and a raised roadway at the level of the sidewalk (or pavement in UK speak).
  2. By having the one-lane neckdown, motorists can see that this is the entrance to a bus-only taxi-only zone and must turn into the parking lot (left in top photo), or turn around.
Pedestrian crossing street at raised crosswalk that's also a bus gate for two-way bus traffic.
Before the bus gate the street looked like a normal two-way English street near the city center, as shown in the Google Streetview below, still available online.

Now the street entering the city center has normal vehicular traffic required to turn right into the parking lot on the right. Buses, as shown in the next two images, must go through the "bus gate" that is also a raised crosswalk. The buses going inbound yield to outbound buses.
Pedestrian crossing at neckdown on Theatre Street seen from double decker bus entering central Norwich. Image: Brian Stokle