Streets and Parking Lots
Here's a location where buses go in both directions, but the street crossing with a neckdown goes to a single lane for two reasons:
- Pedestrians are given the highest priority with the shortest walking distance at the crosswalk, a long neckdown, and a raised roadway at the level of the sidewalk (or pavement in UK speak).
- By having the one-lane neckdown, motorists can see that this is the entrance to a bus-only taxi-only zone and must turn into the parking lot (left in top photo), or turn around.
|Pedestrian crossing street at raised crosswalk that's also a bus gate for two-way bus traffic.|
|Pedestrian crossing at neckdown on Theatre Street seen from double decker bus entering central Norwich. Image: Brian Stokle|
|Pedestrian crossing at bus gate/neckdown on Theatre Street seen from double decker bus entering central Norwich. Image: Brian Stokle|
Having the traffic lanes, where the most vehicular traffic passes, and the most wear and tear occurs, in paved form makes sense. A dirt rutted lot doesn't make sense. Parking spaces receive the least wear and tear and activity, so they are the target locations for designs that have water infiltration. Planting grass is good for little used lots, however for busier lots, a cobbled or stone layout with space between the stones allows much more water infiltration than a classic asphalt paved parking space.
Many studies have shown that the risk of deadly injury from vehicles is reduced to nearly zero when cars travel no faster than 18 or 20 miles per hour. Looks like Norwich has instituted slow zones on purely residential streets and put some colorful perspective to the speed limit signs. Many of the signs graphic image were different on each street.
I noticed a decent number of Norwich city center maps scattered about. The color scheme is quite attractive:
- dark blue background
- medium blue streets
- lavender restricted/transit streets
- even lighter lavender pedestrian zones
- light blue river
The maps are also not necessarily "north on top" oriented. Rather, the maps are oriented so that when you look at it, in front of you is the same as the top of the map. I'm on the fence about these orientation varying maps. I personally get confused a bit, but that may only be that I'm less practiced at using them. I'd be curious if there have been any studies looking at these type of maps and how they may be more, less or equally effective at wayfinding success compared to traditional north on top maps.
more to come later